(c. 265 BC) Greek writer. Callimachus wrote more than 800 hymns, epigrams, and poems, along with a collection of legends.
(1923-1985) Italian writer. Born in Cuba, of Italian parents, Calvino moved to Italy in his youth. After World War II activity as a partisan in the Italian Resistance, he settled in Turin, where he earned his degree in literature.
(1912-1960) French writer. He was a Nobel Laureate and well-known existentialis. His works include The Plague, The Stranger, etc. He once wrote: "As if that blind rage had washed me clean, rid me of hope; for the first time, in that night alive with signs and stars, I opened myself to the gentle indifference of the world."
Camões, Luís Vaz de
(1524?-1580?) Portuguese writer. Luis Vaz de Camões is considered the greatest Portuguese poet of all time. The first editions of "Os Lusiadas" were printed in 1572.
(1835-1907) Italian writer. Professor of literature at the Univ. of Bologna from 1860 to 1904, he was a scholar, editor, orator, critic, and patriot.
Carman, Bliss William
(1861-1929) Canadian writer. Once one of Canada's best-known poets, he was influential as an editor and writer for Independent, the Cosmopolitan, the Atlantic Monthly, the Chap Book and other literary journals. In 1928 he was awarded the Lorne Pierce Gold Medal by the Royal Society of Canada.
(1832-1898) British writer. Pseudonym for Charles Lutwidge Dodgson. His work represents some of the most lasting mid-Victorian fantasies.
(1623-1673) British writer. Margaret Cavendish was the Duchess of Newcastle. She wrote 14 works, consisting of an autobiography, essays, letters, poetry, several plays, etc.
(c. 1340-1400) British writer. The greatest poet of the Middle English period. Well-known for The Canterbury Tales.
Chekhov, Anton Pavlovich
(1860-1904) Russian writer. Anton Chekhov is renowned for his short fiction and plays, particularly "The Cherry Orchard," "The Three Sisters," and other works.
Chesterton, Gilbert Keith
(1874-1936) British writer. C. K. Chesterton wrote studies of Browning (1903) and Dickens (1906); several novels including The Napoleon of Notting Hill (1904) and The Man Who Was Thursday (1908); a noted series of crime stories featuring Father Brown as detective; many poems; and his famous essays.
(1851-1904) American writer. Labeled a popular colorist writer, Kate Chopin publishes a scandalous novel, The Awakening, and the literary world ignores her stories for the next 70 years.
Christie, Agatha New
(1890-1976) British writer. Agatha Christie was a popular mystery writer, whose books sold more than one billion copies in more than 45 languages. Her first book, "The Mysterious Affair at Styles," was published in 1920. Her famous characters were Hercule Poirot and Miss Marple.
(1709-1789) British writer. John Cleland is known for his novel Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure, Or Fanny Hill (1748-49).
Coetzee, John Michael
(1940- ) South African writer. Known for his novels Waiting for the Barbarians (1980) and The Life and Times of Michael K (1983), which won the Booker Prize. He won a second Booker Prize in 1999 for Disgrace, a novel about life in post-apartheid South Africa.
(1772-1834) British writer. Meet one of the greatest poets of all time. Coleridge wrote some of the most influential poems such as "Christabel," "Kubla Khan," and "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner."
(1873-1954) French writer. Sidonie-Gabrielle. Born in the village of Saint-Saveur-en Puisaye, Burgundy. One of the most important novelists of the 20th century, she is known for: The Pure and the Impure (1932), The Vagabond (1910), Cheri (1920), My Mother's House (1922), and Sido (1929).
(1670-1729) Irish writer. Born in Bardsey, he became was one of the greatest writers of comedy during the Restoration period. His works include: The Old Bachelor (1693), The Double Dealer (1693), and Love for Love (1695). His last important work was The Way of the World (1700).
(1857-1924) British writer. Lord Jim is the first of his major novels. It appeared in 1900, the year after Heart of Darkness, which is perhaps his best-known work.
Cooper, James Fenimore
(1789-1851) American writer. He was a novelist, travel writer, and social critic, regarded as the first great American writer of fiction. He was famed for his action-packed plots and his vivid, if somewhat idealized, portrayal of American life in the forest and at sea.
(1871-1900) American writer. Known for his novel about war, The Red Badge of Courage, these paged provide historical and biographical information, with links and online texts.
Cruz, Sor Juana Inez de la
(1648?-1695) Mexican writer. (Born Juana Inés de Asbaje y Ramirez). Juana Inés de la Cruz was a poet and scholar. Her works include Flood from the Muses' Springs by the Poetess, Tenth Muse, Sister Juana Inés de la Cruz (1689); Second Volume of the Works of Sister Juana Inés de la Cruz (1692); and others.
(1903-1946) American writer. Countee Cullen was a poet, novelist, playwright, and translator. Cullen's works included: "Color" (1925), "Copper Sun" (1927), and "The Ballad of the Brown Girl" (1927).