Anton Chekhov Birth:
Anton Pavlovic Chekhov was born in Taganron, Ukraine. He had four brothers: Ivan, Nikolai, Alexander, and Mikhail; and one sister: Maria. His father was a grocer, and his grandfather was a serf, who bought his freedom in 1841. According to biographer Henri Troyat, Chekhov once said, "When I was a child, I had not childhood."
Anton Chekhov Death:
On July 2, 1904, Anton Chekhov died. He had suffered from tuberculosis for many years, and had been forced to spend most of his time in warmer climates, which had separated him Olga later wrote about the silence: "There were no human voices, no everyday sounds... There was only beauty, peace, and the grandeur of death." It seems almost appropriate that a man who gave the world so many words should end his days with a glass of champagne and silence.
Anton Chekhov Marriage:
In 1901, Anton Chekhov married Olga Knipper, an actress.
Anton Chekhov Education:
Anton Chekhov attended a school for Greek boys in Taganrog from 1867 to 1868, and then Taganrog Grammar School from 1868 to 1879. His family moved to Moskow when his father went bankrupt and they are evicted from their house.
In 1879, Chekhov begins his medical training at the University in Moscow. Then, in 1882, he became a contributor to "Oskoki" (a humorous journal. He contributed short stories and sketches.
Anton Chekhov Literary Achievements:
His works include: "Misery" (1886), "The Schoolmaster," (1886) "Ivanov" (1887), "Enemies" (1887), "An Attack of Nerves" (1888), "The Proposal" (1888), "The Bear" (1888), "The Wedding" (1889), "Wood Demon" (1889), "Gusev" (1890), "The Duel" (1891), "The Anniversary" (1891), "A Boring Story" (1892), "Ward 6" (1892), "The Seagull" (1895), "Uncle Vanya" (1896), "A Doctor's Visit" (1898), "Ionych" (1898), "Three Sisters" (1899), and "The Cherry Orchard" (1903).
Lines from "The Sea-Gull":
"I am alone. Once in a hundred years my lips are opened, my voice echoes mournfully across the desert earth, and no one hears. And you, poor lights of the marsh, you do not hear me. You are engendered at sunset in the putrid mud, and flit wavering about the lake till dawn, unconscious, unreasoning, unwarmed by the breath of life."
"For some reason, I feel with all my soul that you are near to me. help me! help me, or I shall do something foolish and mock at my life, and ruin it."
Lines from "The House with the Mezzanine":
"My life is tedious, dull, monotonous, because I am a painter, a queer fish, and have been worried all my life with envy, discontent, disbelief in my work: I am always poor, I am a vagabond, but you are a wealthy, normal man, a landowner, a gentleman - why do you live so tamely and take so little from life?"
Lines from "Uncle Vanya":
When a woman isn't beautiful, people always say, 'You have lovely eyes, you have lovely hair'."
"Man has been endowed with reason, with the power to create, so that he can add to what he's been given. But up to now he hasn't been a creator, only a destroyer. Forests keep disappearing, rivers dry up, wild life's become extinct, the climate's ruined and the land grows poorer and uglier every day."
Anton Chekhov Quote:
"I long to embrace, to include in my own short life, all that is accessible to man. I long to speak, to read, to wield a hammer in a great factory, to keep watch at sea, to plow. I want to be walking along the Nevsky Prospect, or in the open fields, or on the ocean — wherever my imagination ranges."
"He who desires nothing, hopes for nothing, and is afraid of nothing, cannot be an artist."
Anton Chekhov: A Brief Biography:
(1860-1904) Russian Writer. Anton Chekhov is famous for plays like "Three Sisters" (1901), and "The Cherry Orchard." Although Chekhov wrote hundreds of short stories, he's most well-known for his plays.
Chekhov once said, "An artist is someone who witnesses, and shapes what he has witnessed, while standing at the edge, holding back from full participation in the life of his family, his country, his time. A refusal to take sides is close to being an inability to decide, a fear of committing oneself." So, it can be said that his earliest experiences with poverty helped to shape his future successes as a writer...
In 1884, Chekhov began practicing medicine. He became well-known in literary circles. H. S. Suvorin invited him to contribute to the daily, "Novoe vremya." And, in 1887, "Ivanov made him a success in St. Petersburg." He was awarded the Pushkin Prize the following year, in 1888.
His next play, "The Wood Demon," failed in 1889. The following year, he travelled across Siberia to conduct a detailed census of the penal colony on Sakhalin. "The Island: A Journey to Sakhalin" resulted from that trip.
Chekhov wrote "The Seagull in 1895," but it only played for five performances in 1896. Several years later, in 1898, the play was again produced (this time successfully) by the Moscow Art Theatre.
"Uncle Vanya was produced by the Moscow Art Theatre in 1899. Then, "Three Sisters" appeared in 1901. The same year, Chekhov married Olga Knipper, an actress.
Chekhov's last play, "The Cherry Orchard," was produced in 1904. Then, after two heart attacks, he died in a hotel at the age of 44. As he writes in "The Cherry Orchard," "Everything on earth must come to an end..."