1. Education
You can opt-out at any time. Please refer to our privacy policy for contact information.

'The Hunchback of Notre-Dame' Summary / Overview



Published as a novel in 1831, Victor Hugo's The Hunchback of Notre-Dame is still studied in literature classrooms (college and high school). He began work on the novel in 1829, but Hugo's writing of the novel was delayed by other projects.

It was (and still is) considered by many to be one of the great masterworks of the time period, and one of the great French novels.


  • Title: The Hunchback of Notre-Dame
  • Author: Victor Hugo
  • Type of Work & Genre: Gothic Novel; Fiction
  • Time & Place (Setting):
  • Publisher: Gosselin
  • Publication Date: January 14, 1831


  • Great French literary classic
  • One of Victor Hugo's most famous works
  • Criticized for its anticlericalism and placed on the Catholic Church's Index of Prohibited Books in 1834

How It Fits In

The Hunchback of Notre-Dame is one of the most famous novels by Victor Hugo.


  • Quasimodo - The hunchback of Notre Dame.
  • Archdeacon Claude Frollo - A priest at Notre Dame.
  • La Esmerelda - The lost daughter of Sister Gudule.
  • Pierre Gringoire - A struggling playwright and philosopher.
  • Phoebus de Chateaupers - The captain of the King's Archers.
  • Sister Gudule - La Esmerelda's long lost mother.
  • Jehan Frollo - Claude Frollo's brother.
  • Clopin Trouillefou - King of the vagabonds.
  • Louis XI - The King of France in 1482.
  • Djali - La Esmerelda's goat.
  • Fleur-de-Lys de Gondelaurier - Woman, who becomes Phoebus's wife.
  • Master Florian Barbedienne - Hear-impaired judge. Quasimodo is tortured upon his order.
  • Master Jacques Charmolue - Claude Frollo's associate.

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.