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Stephen Crane Biography


Stephen Crane is perhaps most famous for "The Red Badge of Courage" (1895), which brought him international acclaim. With this and other novels, Crane made his name as an important contributor of literary naturalism.

Stephen Crane Birth:

Stephen Crane was born on November 1, 1871 in Newark, New Jersey. Crane was the 14th and last child of Mary Peck Crane and Reverand Jonathan Crane.

Stephen Crane Death:

In 1989, Stephen began to weaken. He had contracted malaria in Cuba when he was reporting on the Spanish-American War. By 1900, he was debt-ridden and fatally ill. He died at 28.

Stephen Crane Education & Writing:

Around 1880, Stephen Crane wrote his first poem, "I'd Rather Have." His father also died that year. Crane wrote his first short story, "Uncle Jake and the Bell Handle," in 1885, which was the year he enrolled in Pennington Seminary, where he stayed until 1887. Between 1888 and 1891, he attended Claverack College, Hudson Rive Institute, Lafayette College, and Syracuse University.
He traveled the West in 1895. Both "The Black Riders and Other Lines" and "The Red Badge of Courage" (this time unabridged) were also published that year. By the end of 1895, Crane was famous at the age of 24.

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